Rabun County's first public health nurse opened the county's first health department on July 1, 1939 and began giving immunizations and directing a center for expectant mothers and well babies. Josephine Kinman had studied at Emory School of Nursing and Peabody College in Nashville. Later she traveled to the Frontier Nursing Service, School of Nurse-Midwifery in Kentucky, where she studied with the famous "Nurses on Horseback." Kinman received certification as Georgia's first nurse-midwife in March of 1942.
At the turn of the twentieth century, Rabun County remained largely isolated from the outside world. This would change dramatically with the coming of a railroad which also brought tourism, logging and dam building.
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